বিশেষ সংবাদ

বিশেষ সংবাদ

Opinion

Qatar's Achievement in Multilateral Mediation

Antara Afroz: Many countries in the modern world want to present themselves as peace-loving countries to the international community. Apart from the United States of America, Turkey and Germany are notable among these countries - Qatar, Egypt, Kuwait, Oman. The United Arab Emirates has once played a leading role in the Middle East crisis. At present the country cannot focus on solving the problems of other states due to its internal financial problems. Here, Qatar is ahead of the rest of the countries. Above all, Qatar has emerged as a leading country in crisis resolution and negotiation. At various times, Qatar has been seen mediating at the negotiating table in various global crises.

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The Al-Thani tribe of Saudi Arabian origin has ruled the region of Qatar as an emirate since the late 18th century. Like Bangladesh, Qatar also gained full independence in 1971. The Emir of Qatar, a monarchical country with about two million citizens, is both the head of state and the head of government. The current Emir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani took over from his father Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani in 2013. Since 1995, the country's Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani has contributed to giving the country a strong foundation. It was then that the current Emir Tamim brought the island nation to the highway of development.

Just as Qatar has given the United States the opportunity to set up a military base in the country, it has also allowed the Taliban, Israel, and all the conflicting groups in the world to open an office to keep the door open for negotiation or compromise. Even the world's most powerful media has allowed Al Jazeera to operate independently and safely. Qatar was once boycotted by neighboring countries Saudi Arabia, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Oman for Al Jazeera. Yet Qatar has not wavered in its support for Al Jazeera.

In 2017, Qatar tried to negotiate the release of hostages in the Russia-Syria war. Qatar also mediated hostages held by the Taliban in 2019. When the Taliban came to power in 2021, the evacuation of thousands of people was highlighted. At the same time, Qatar came forward as the host country in reconciliation talks with the United States and the Taliban.

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Although Qatar is a small country, the country rich in liquefied natural gas has made itself indispensable at the international level. The neighboring two dominant countries, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, independently control everything outside the ring.

Apart from the state agreement, elites and internationally renowned people are also given the opportunity to spin. Indian painter Maqbool Fida Hussain, Dr. Zakir Naik is one of them. In 1975, many sought refuge in Qatar to escape Israeli assassination attempts in Jordan. On the other hand, the supreme leader of Hamas, Ismail Haniyeh, also lives in Qatar. Having been able to build their position as a result of such good relations over decades.

In 2008, Qatar tried to mediate between the Yemeni government and the Houthi rebels. Later, Qatar played a major role in the settlement on behalf of Lebanon in 2009 and the 2012 reconciliation between the Palestinian movement between Hamas and Qatar.

The wealthier the country is, the more important it is in world politics. Qatar has ample oil reserves. Which is one of their biggest sources of income. Many countries in Europe and America are dependent on Qatar's oil. Seizing this opportunity, Qatar is building itself into a different approach called mediation.

Author: Student, Tejgaon College

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